“For the first time at night, you can see Old St. Paul’s Rectory,” says Murphy & Dittenhafer Architects’ Peter Schwab. “It’s a new and different thing for the city to have this old building back.”
When renovating a historic building, sometimes history itself poses the biggest challenge.
After Murphy & Dittenhafer Architects of Baltimore and York, Pennsylvania, completed several projects at St. Paul’s Episcopal Church in Baltimore, the firm shifted its attention to the church rectory, a 1792 late Georgian/Federal-style brick house where two oversight agencies mandated a strict adherence to historical accuracy.
Architects Lauren Myatt and Peter Schwab found themselves playing history detectives as they researched the design elements at the 1856 church on Charles Street and the rectory on Saratoga Street.
“I thought we’d never get there,” Schwab says of the historical documentation required at the rectory.
A multi-faceted renovation
Several years ago, Myatt investigated the church’s wood ceiling and its layers of paint. Though she couldn’t determine whether painted stars adorned the original ceiling – a style popular in the mid-1800s – the church decided to repaint it a different shade of blue and add the stars.
She also fashioned a new paint and lighting scheme for the sanctuary, redesigned to add fellowship space, and repurposed a choir room to create extra classroom space.
The three-story rectory had been the rector’s home until the 1980s and then was leased to outside organizations. The church recently decided to renovate it into office and meeting space that it needed. The structure, which Schwab says is one of Baltimore’s oldest buildings, features a partially cantilevered octagonal stair and rows of circular windows.
“Being a port town that expanded so fast, a lot of colonial structures were taken down or lost in the great fire of 1904,” Schwab explains. The Rectory is a survivor, and it holds a special significance for Schwab, whose ancestors were among the church’s original vestry, a committee that helped manage parish affairs.
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Myatt redesigned the second floor as office space and the first floor primarily for group meetings. Where she could, she retained the original long-leaf or old-growth hard pine floors. Alabama pine was a source for replacement flooring.
The kitchen probably required the least adherence to historical standards because it had undergone other renovations. Now with new appliances, it can serve groups that meet at the Rectory.
“We still did need to follow historical guidelines when upgrading the kitchen in terms of its significant historical features,” Myatt says. “One was the original fireplace and hearth.”
Another requirement: The tin roof over the kitchen area with its crimped and bent seams, probably from the late 19th century, had to be maintained.
(Photos by Jim Popa)
Digging into history
As Myatt designed, Schwab researched historical specifications to satisfy the city’s Commission for Historical and Architectural Preservation (CHAP) and the Maryland Historical Trust. He had to find experts in specific elements of the rectory project.
The original plaster used horsehair as a binder, so replacement plaster had to include animal hair.
“We had a company originally from London that did the plaster restoration,” Schwab says.
The mortar used to repoint the brick exterior had to contain natural lime. The building has at least three layers of brick.
“All buildings did back then because they were structural walls,” Schwab points out.
The exterior work, which Myatt helped design, included repairing wood trim and installing energy-efficient storm windows.
In some cases, Schwab tried to get the Historical Trust to relent, such as allowing the removal of an old oak tree that could fall on the Rectory.
Following historical guidelines from roof to basement, the architects maintained a cobblestone cellar floor when a sump pump was installed. They also designed a new heating and air-conditioning system.
(Photos by Jim Popa)
A rewarding project
The work at the Rectory is nearly done, and Schwab says the formerly rundown building, with exterior up-lighting, sends a new message to Baltimore.
“For the first time at night, you can see Old St. Paul’s Rectory,” he says. “It’s a new and different thing for the city to have this old building back that they have not noticed for a long time.”
The final piece of the overall campus puzzle will be the addition of a ramp into the Church, which must comply with the Americans with Disabilities Act and not damage the entrance’s marble steps.
CHAP rejected the first design because it would have meant cutting into the original granite and marble steps. So, Myatt is tweaking her plan to protect the steps and fit the ramp into the available space.
Despite the challenges, the work at Old St. Paul’s has proved satisfying for the architects.
“Working with churches definitely adds another layer of sensitivity that needs to be considered,” Myatt says.
Schwab views designing for houses of worship as special.
“You’re working on a space that has a soul,” he says.